Rebel factions in Syria’s south arrest opposition delegates for participation in Sochi talks

AMMAN: Free Syrian Army (FSA) factions in Syria’s rebel-held south detained two local opposition leaders this week for their participation in peace talks with representatives of the Assad government and Russia in the Black Sea resort of Sochi.

Rebel factions are currently holding Khaled al-Sharaa and Faisal al-Shahadat, who attended the Congress of Syrian National Dialogue in Sochi on January 30, under detention in the western Daraa town of Dael, a local rebel spokesman and the president of Daraa’s opposition court system told Syria Direct on Tuesday.

The two men are awaiting a transfer to the Court of Justice, the primary judicial body in Syria’s rebel-held south, “so they can be held accountable” for attending the widely boycotted Sochi talks, Sheikh Osmat al-Absi, the court’s president, told Syria Direct on Tuesday.

The rebel-held town of Dael, home to roughly 45,000 residents, is controlled by an array of FSA brigades—each faction largely composed of local fighters and often affiliated with a regional tribe.

From the right: Khaled al-Sharaa, Dr. Ayesh Ghaneem and Faisal al-Shahadat at the Sochi talks at the end of January. Photo courtesy of Free Sons of Dael Forum.

Currently, al-Sharaa and al-Shahadat are in the custody of the rebel groups affiliated with their respective tribes, but the brigades will soon hand over the two detained men to the Court of Justice, a rebel commander in Dael, who asked not to be identified by name, told Syria Direct on Tuesday.

“The tribes want to hand them over,” said the rebel commander, a member of the Dael Military Council, a coalition of the town’s rebel factions. “All who attended Sochi...and serve the regime will be held accountable.”

The Court of Justice issued arrest warrants on February 3 for al-Sharaa and al-Shahadat as well as a third delegate, originally from Dael, who attended the Russian-hosted talks but currently resides in government-held Damascus.

Khaled al-Sharaa is affiliated with the Syrian Communist Party, an organization that politically opposes the Syrian government but works within the existing government framework. Faisal al-Shahadat, who belongs to a prominent tribe in rural Daraa, attended the Sochi talks on an individual basis, unaffiliated with any opposition organization.

The arrest warrants, images of which circulated on social media this week, do not specify a crime. However, the Houran Revolutionary Council, an opposition civil society organization who appealed for the delegates’ arrest, is calling for the judiciary body to charge the men with “treason and direct contact with foreign parties,” according to a January 31 statement addressed to the Court of Justice.

“We appealed to the Court of Justice’s public prosecutor, who then issued arrest warrants for those who returned to opposition territories after attending Sochi,” Dr. Mohammad a-Zouabi, president of the Houran Revolutionary Council, told Syria Direct on Tuesday.

Opposition factions, councils and civil society organizations widely boycotted the Sochi talks, citing Russia’s inability to be a guarantor of peace in due to its air campaign on rebel territories, among other reasons.

The London-based Syrian Network for Human Rights released a joint statement on January 3 entitled “Sochi Conference Threatens Syria Peace Process.” The nearly 150 signatories of the statement included the Daraa Provincial Council, the Daraa Bar Association, the Court of Justice in Daraa and the Dael Local Council.

“Russia’s military intervention in Syria and its repeated use of the veto at the United Nations Security Council makes Russia a party to the conflict,” the statement read. “Russia cannot be regarded as either a neutral media or a fair convener of a national dialogue process."

The High Negotiations Committee, the Syrian opposition’s main negotiating body, announced on January 26 it would not take part in the Sochi talks after two days of UN-sponsored talks between the Syrian government and opposition delegates in Vienna.

An estimated 100 opposition representatives attended the Sochi talks on January 30, a former rebel commander told Syria Direct from inside the conference at the time.

The opposition members were among “about 1,500 persons representing spectrum of the Syrian society” who participated in the talks, Syria state media outlet SANA reported on January 30.

Despite calls for treason charges, Court of Justice president Sheikh Osmat al-Absi told Syria Direct on Tuesday that the judiciary had not yet issued any decisions regarding the two delegates who attended the Sochi talks.

“The verdict will certainly not be issued without the court hearing the statements of the accused and evidence of the crimes against them,” he said.

Waleed Khaled a-Noufal

Waleed a-Noufal was born in Ankhel in northern Daraa province. He attended high school in Ankhel but could not continue his study because of security reasons. Waleed worked as an activist in his local city council and the Umayya Media Center. In 2013, he moved to Jordan and finished his high school degree. Waleed wants to bring about a solution to the current crisis through his reporting.

Ismail al-Jamous

Ismail is from Daraa. He studied English literature at Tishreen University, but was unable to finish his studies because of the situation in Syria. Ismail worked in Syria as a media activist with a number of press organizations. In 2013, he left for Jordan, where he took a number of courses on civil society development. He decided to join Syria Direct to develop his journalism skills in the hope of achieving justice and freedom for the Syrian people.

Tarek Zaid al-Hariri

Tarek is from Daraa. He studied education at Damascus University for one year before coming to Jordan in 2013. There, he gained a bachelor’s degree in business management. He joined the Syria Direct training program because he wants wants to help his country achieve pluralism and democracy through journalism.

Tariq Adely

Tariq Adely graduated from Brown University in 2014 with a bachelor's degree in comparative literature and translation. He continued his studies at the Qasid Institute and the Institute for Critical Thought in Amman, Jordan.