The SDF is preparing for a military confrontation with Turkey by allying with Damascus, pressuring international backers and declaring a state of emergency. Civilians are waiting anxiously, stocking up on supplies, and considering escape routes.
Why is Turkey interested in building housing in northern Syria? Who funds and implements these projects? And why are some human rights actors concerned about Ankara’s activities?
As Turkey prepares for an upcoming military operation in northern Syria, the SDF warns it could lead to an Islamic State resurgence in the northeast.
Turkey’s northern Syria operation a test of the SDF’s allies and an opportunity for regime and Iranian expansion
Signs of an imminent Turkish operation in northern Syria are not apparent. But amid blistering Turkish rhetoric, the shape of things to come depends on Ankara’s resolve, Washington and Moscow’s stances, and what options the SDF has to fight back.
In northwestern Syria, hundreds of makeshift refineries have mushroomed in the past five years, employing thousands of people. With no regulation, their impact on health, life and the environment is catastrophic.
Makeshift oil refineries endanger the health of workers and local communities in northwestern Syria. But their environmental impact, often overlooked, will also affect generations to come.
Two workers at a makeshift oil refinery in Tarhin speak about their job, the hardships they endure and the dreams they hold for the future.
Military and civilian sources in northern Syria said this month that US forces began to redeploy to multiple points they withdrew from in October 2019. What could that mean, amid reports of an upcoming Turkish offensive?
French multinational company Lafarge to face charges of complicity in crimes against humanity: A crack in corporate impunity?
The French multinational Lafarge faces charges of complicity in crimes against humanity in Syria. What could the unprecedented case mean for corporate impunity?
Chronic infighting and uncontrolled weapons turn civilian lives into a nightmare in Turkish-backed opposition areas of northern Syria
Internal clashes and uncontrolled weapons have killed and injured dozens of civilians in parts of northern Syria held by the Turkish-backed Syrian National Army since the beginning of the year, with at least 24 incidents recorded.