The update from Damascus and its suburbs is provided by Shahed News, a network of vetted Syrian citizen journalists providing independent, accurate and reliable news from Damascus and its suburbs.
* Smoke seen above the capital, near the Kafar Sooseh area.
* Car bomb explodes near a-Shafi mosque in Mazzeh; security forces close the road.
* Car bomb explodes near the General Staff guards at Umayyad Square.
* Internet service stops in most Syrian provinces.
* A MiG carries out an airstrike on a-Nabbek.
* Army reinforcements from Mazzeh Air Force Base head for Darayya. Fierce clashes and bombardment on the town since the early morning on the southern frontline of the city.