While some Roman-era ruins survived the battles for Palmyra, a local journalist told Syria Direct on Tuesday that the adjacent eponymous town is “leveled… nothing remains that points to the pulse of life.”

Palmyra today is “a city of ghosts,” Mohammed Hassan al-Homsi, the alias of a journalist with pro-opposition Palmyra News Network told Syria Direct Tuesday from the eastern Homs countryside. “It has been totally leveled, and nothing remains except for ruins that point to the pulse of life that once was here.”

Thousands of civilians fled the most recent fighting over the weekend, during which the regime recaptured the town from the Islamic State.

After the Syrian Arab Army and its allies entered on Sunday, soldiers discovered that many of Palmyra's famous archeological sites remain in relatively good condition despite the Islamic State exploding several, including the Temple of Bel and the Arch of Triumph, reported the Guardian on Monday.

Meanwhile, many buildings in the town itself, home to a pre-war population of 70,000, were totally destroyed in the fighting.

During the regime's recent campaign to retake Palmyra, which began earlier this month, 4,000 civilians fled for the northern, opposition-controlled regions of Syria, while another 5,000 made their way south towards the Rajban refugee camp on the Jordanian-Syrian border, said al-Homsi.

“The situation of those who headed towards the Jordanian border is worse,” said al-Homsi.

“They're living in a sparse desert, in extremely harsh conditions, and no one is presenting them with aid except the Qatari Red Crescent...which is giving very little, not enough to meet their needs.”

“As for those who went north, we're trying to coordinate with locals to give them shelter in houses and mosques...but poor people are the ones giving aid to begin with.”

In the photo above, a mosque in the rebel-held city of Azaz near the Turkish border in Aleppo province is filled with sleeping civilians displaced from Palmyra and its outskirts.

Russian warplanes struck Islamic State targets in the city dozens of times from March 9 to 12 as regime ground troops advanced from the west of Palmyra.

Bolstered by reinforcements called in from Aleppo and Latakia, the Syrian army focused on capturing hills surrounding Palmyra in the battle's early stages. After taking the historic citadel on Friday night, which overlooks Islamic State positions inside the town, IS began to withdraw towards Sukhna, 62km northeast of Palmyra. The regime completed its takeover of Palmyra on Sunday.

-Photo courtesy of Palmyra News Network.