Twelve years after the Syrian revolution began, formal opposition political and service institutions are wholly reliant on Turkey, impacting service provision and governance in the areas they administer.
Despite international talk of “voluntary return” for Syrians, deteriorating security, economic, and living conditions give them little to go home to, eleven years after the revolution began.
A photo shows entirely burned wheat fields as a result of the regime's bombing of opposition-held areas in al-Ghab plain in the western countryside of Hama province
Al-Shifa Hospital in Afrin in Aleppo province, northern Syria, after it was targeted by missile strikes from positions controlled by government forces and the SDF, which led to deaths and injuries
The revolution has led to a somewhat greater degree of freedom, but also to greater disinformation as new challenges emerged for Syrian journalists in an increasingly fragmented country.